Month: July 2019

Oral Hygiene And Its Relation To Gingivitis

Published / by Karma Gill

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum that hold the teeth in place. This is one of the causes of tooth loss in adults and the disease occurs mainly due to poor brushing and flossing.The tooth is held in place by the gum. Poor practices of dental hygiene may lead to the accumulation of microorganism the leads to inflammation of the gums that results in bleeding wile brushing. The disease can be classified based on their clinical appearance (ulcerative, hemorrhagic, necrotizing, purulent) or etiology (drug induced, nutritional, plaque induced) and duration (acute, chronic) the most common one is the plaque induced.Plaque is film of bacteria that forms on the surfaces of the tooth, initially colorless but as it accumulates, they progress to become brown/ yellow color and harden which becomes difficult to remove with normal brushing and needs the help of dentist coolangatta.

Within 4-5 days of plaque accumulation the white blood cells which are the defending agents of the body against microorganism congregate and initiates an inflammatory reaction which progresses to chronic inflammation and causes erosion of the gum forming pockets in the gum which leads to separation from the tooth. Since there is lesion in the gum simple acts like brushing, flossing and chewing can cause the gums to bleed.Usually the patient with gingivitis presents with bleeding gums, swollen gums, painful gums and bad breath. If not treated in the initial stages may lead to a more serious disease called the periodontitis this is the exacerbation of gingivitis. The inflammation progresses to the soft tissue and affect the bone too causing tooth loss. Other complications include bacteremia, that is the spread of the bacteria to the blood stream, once bacteria enter blood stream this can circulate and station at the heart causing cardiovascular problems; lead to abscess formation on the gum and also known to have an association with low birth weight.

Gingivitis is not untreatable; patient should be advised to visit dentist Tweed Heads for the removal of plaque and tartar. Good oral hygiene should be encouraged; proper brushing and flossing. It has been seen that brushing with fluoride in chronic gingivitis has reduced progression of the disease and rinsing the mouth with chlorhexidine after brushing has also shown beneficial effects. Proper practice of oral hygiene can prevent plaque related problems.Other causes of gingivitis may be due to hormonal changes, observed during puberty, menopause, pregnancy. Smoking has also been implicated in gum disease. Certain drugs have also been linked to gum disease for example Dilantin, an anticonvulsant is proposed to be involved in causing gingivitis. Poor diet, deficiency of vitamin c can also lead to gum disease. Family history, if one has parents who have had gingivitis there is a risk that one might develop it. On an endnote gingivitis is completely preventable all it needs is a change in one’s dental practice.

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